Marsden, Samuel

Marsden, Samuel
[br]
b. 1764 Parsley, Yorkshire, England
d. 1838 Australia
[br]
English farmer whose breeding programme established the Australian wool industry.
[br]
Although his father was a farmer, at the age of 10 Samuel Marsden went to work as a blacksmith, and continued in that trade for ten years. He then decided to go into the Church, was educated at Hull Grammar School and Cambridge, and was ordained in 1793. He then emigrated to Australia, where he took up an appointment as Assistant Chaplain to the Colony. He was stationed at Parramatta, where he was granted 100 acres and bought a further 128 acres himself. In 1800 he became Principal Chaplain, and by 1802 he farmed the third largest farm in the colony. Initially he was able to obtain only two Marino rams and was forced to crossbreed with imported Indian stock. However, with this combination he was able to improve wool quality dramatically, and this stock provided the basis of his breeding stock. In 1807 he returned to Britain, taking 160 lb of wool with him. This was woven into 40 yards (36.5 m) of cloth in a mill near Leeds, and from this Marsden had a suit made which he wore when he visited George III. The latter was so impressed with the cloth that he presented Marsden with five Marino ewes in lamb, with which he returned to Australia. By 1811 he was sending more than 5,000 lb of wool back to the UK each year. In 1814 Marsden concentrated more on Church matters and made the first of seven missionary visits to New Zealand. He made the last of these excursions the year before his death.
[br]
Principal Honours and Distinctions
Vice-President, New South Wales Agricultural Society (on its foundation) 1821.
Further Reading
Michael Ryder, 1983, Sheep and Man, Duckworth (a definitive study on sheep history that deals in detail with Marsden's developments).
AP

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marsden, Samuel — (1764–1834)    Missionary.    Marsden was educated at the University of Cambridge, but, influenced by William wilberforce, in 1794 he decided to go as a missionary to New South Wales, Australia. Initially he worked with Richard Johnson, but after …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • MARSDEN, Samuel (1764-1838) — early clergyman and missionary to New Zealand was born at Farsley, Yorkshire, England, on 28 July 1764. (Jnl and Proc. R.A.H.S., vol. IX, p. 79). His father, Thomas Marsden, was a blacksmith and small farmer. Marsden had only an elementary… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Samuel Marsden — (* 25. Juni 1765 in Farsley, Yorkshire, England; † 12. Mai 1838 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samuel Marsden — The Reverend Samuel Marsden (25 June 1765 – 12 May 1838) was a prominent member of the Church Missionary Society, credited with bringing Christianity to New Zealand. He was a prominent figure in early New South Wales history, not only for his… …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel Edward Marsden — Samuel Edward Marsden(1832 1912)was the inaugural Bishop of Bathurst [ [http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A050242b.htm AOB on line] ] . Born into an eminent clerical family [His grandfather was The Rev Samuel Marsden, formerly Senior… …   Wikipedia

  • Marsden — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bernie Marsden (* 1951), englischer Rockgitarrist Betty Marsden (1919–1998), britische Schauspielerin Brian Marsden (1937–2010), englischer Astronom Dora Marsden (1882–1960), englische Feministin,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marsden Park, New South Wales — Marsden Park Sydney, New South Wales Location: 49 km (30 mi) west of Sydney CBD LGA: City of Blacktown State …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel Laycock — (1826–1893) was a dialect poet who recorded in verse the vernacular of the Lancashire cotton workers. He was born on 17th January 1826 at Intake Head, Pule Hill, Marsden, West Yorkshire, the son of John Laycock, a hand loom weaver. He had no… …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel Marsden Collegiate School — Infobox NZ school name = Samuel Marsden Collegiate School badge = motto = Ad Summa Aim For the Highest established = 1870s principal = Jenny Williams [cite web|url=http://www.marsden.school.nz/welcome.htm|title=Welcome|publisher=Samuel Marsden… …   Wikipedia

  • Marsden, West Yorkshire — Coordinates: 53°36′04″N 1°55′36″W / 53.6011°N 1.9267°W / 53.6011; 1.9267 …   Wikipedia

  • Marsden — Not to be confused with Marden. Contents 1 As a surname 2 As a place name 3 Other uses …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”